MiG-27 Flogger, Mikoyan-Gurevich

MiG-27 Flogger

This is a version of the MiG-23 optimized for the ground attack role, with a new nose, simpler engine intakes and nozzle, and other changes. These limit supersonic performance, but reduce cost, weight and fuel consumption. The MiG-27 Flogger D/J production was completed in the mid 1980. They are flown by the former soviet tactical air force and naval aviation. The MiG-27 Flogger M, named Bahadur (Valiant) is built in India and is still being manufactured today. The wings are high-mounted, variable, swept-back, and tapered with blunt tips. There is one engine inside the body and rectangular box-like air intakes forward of the wing roots. There is a single exhaust. The fuselage is long and tubular, except where air intakes give a box-like appearance. The aircraft has a long, downward-sloping, sharply pointed nose and a stepped canopy. There is a large, swept-back, and tapered belly fin under the rear section. The tail is swept-back and tapered tail fin with curved dorsal in leading edge and angular tip. The swept-back and tapered flats high-mounted on the fuselage with angular tips.

Type: MiG-27M 'Flogger-J'
Country: Soviet Union / Russia
Function: attack
Year: 1973
Crew: 1
Engines: 1 * 11500kg Tumanski R-29-300
Wing Span: 14.25 m / 8.17 m
Length: 16.00 m
Height: 4.50 m
Wing Area: 27.25 m2
Empty Weight: 10790 kg
Max.Weight: 20100 kg
Speed: 1700 km/h
Ceiling: 17000 m
Armament: 1*g 23 mm, 4000 kg payload

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-27 (NATO reporting name 'Flogger') is a variable geometry, swept-wing ground attack aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union and later licence-produced in India by Hindustan Aeronautics as the Bahadur ("Valiant"). It is based on the MiG-23 fighter aircraft, but optimized for the air-to-ground role.

The MiG-27 shares the basic airframe of the MiG-23, but with the revised nose (referred to as "Utkonos," platypus, in Russian service) introduced on the MiG-23B that deletes radar in favour of a downward-sloping profile that improves pilot visibility and contains a laser rangefinder and marked-target seeker. Additional cockpit armour is installed, along with a totally new nav-attack system. Because the MiG-27 is intended to fly most of its missions at low altitude, the fighter's variable intake ramps and exhaust nozzles were deleted in favour of simpler, fixed configuration, reducing weight and maintenance requirement. The aircraft also has larger, heavy-duty landing gear to facilitate operation from poorer airfields.

The initial MiG-27 was known as 'Flogger-D' to NATO. It was subsequently replaced by the upgraded MiG-27D ('Flogger-J'). A later MiG-27M model shared the 'Flogger-D' code, being based on the earlier MiG-23BK, but was actually an upgrade, incorporating a new 30mm GSh-6-30 six-barrel cannon in a fuselage gondola, much improved ECM systems, and a new PrNK-23K nav/attack system providing automatic flight control, gun firing, and weapons release.

The final Soviet version was the MiG-27K, which added a laser designator and compatibility with TV-guided electro-optical weapons. It was designated 'Flogger-J2' by NATO.

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